Dependent personality disorder is a term that defines a psychiatric disorder. In this condition, the people try to satisfy their emotional and physical needs by excessive dependence on others. It is a model of perception that concerns relations with external world and self-perception. Typical characteristics of this disorder can not be corrected or treated, which causes a considerable disturbance in the person’s life.
People with dependent personality disorder deviate from accepted social standards in various aspects of life: mentality, emotional expressiveness, interpersonal communication, etc. In most cases, this condition leads to personality distress, that affects social, professional and other spheres of the patient’s life. Although, the reasons of the disorder have not been fully established, it is commonly believed, that the onset begins in the teen or early adult years.
All the symptoms stated above are quite similar to the ones that manifest other mental disorders. Certain conditions can aggravate the development of the problem: drug or alcohol addiction, substance abuse. In some cases, mental health can be affected by treatment and medication. Quite often, particular deviations are caused by traumatic brain injuries or other head traumas.
Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an urgent need in care. This explains why the patients require a lot of attention. They are always afraid of being left alone and abandoned. Taking even simple everyday decisions (for example, choosing what clothes to put on) is quite a challenge for them. For this reason, they have a pronounced lack of the ability to decide for themselves, and their behavior is often excessively obedient and obstructive. Since they are unable to function on their own, the patients always agree on whatever other people say or do, even if it may not be reasonable.
In summary, the symptoms of dependent personality disorder include the following:
As it was mentioned earlier, dependent personality disorder is poorly known. The reasons and effective treatment methods are pretty unclear. However, psychotherapy is considered to be a useful method to improve emotional outbursts and maintain mental stability. As a rule, after a long-term therapy the patients become more independent and able to make decisions by themselves.